ZABOBONS!

Illustrator Karolina ‘Jonc’ (pronounced Yonce!) Buczek brings us the first part of her personal thoughts on some folklore favourites from Poland.

ZABOBON (zah-boh-bon) - translated from Polish simply as “superstition” is a term that is unsubstantiated, stubbornly maintained and invulnerable to any scientific argumentation. It is derived from belief in the cause-and-effect relationship between aspects of everyday life, mostly deriving from stereotypes rooting in tradition and culture. It’s irrational and impossible to verify in its effectiveness or truthfulness.

The word “zabobon” comes from a verbal noun “bobonienie” which describes inaudible mumbling performed by druids during cult solemnities and ceremonies.

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Being kindly asked to ‘spill some tea’ about Polish folklore, my mind first erupted with images of Lowicz flowers (it also turns out first thing to come out in Google images under Polish folk), Cracovian costumes, a song about rosemary and Disco Polo. Whether the last one is a part of folklore or not (I recommend a little venture to YouTube on the subject).

Yes, I could write about these - but since the flights to Cracow are still cheap and so is the town as a holiday destination, having heard stories of many British friends almost drinking themselves to death on reasonably priced spirits in Cracovian bars and buying badly made reproductions of Polish art and craft as souvenirs; I feel like Brit peeps have already familiarised themselves with a somewhat stereotypical understanding of Polish folklore and there is nothing more for me to say about this, other than being sarcastic (to be frank).

Therefore, I would like to tell you about some of my favourite Polish superstitions - zabobons, if you like. This subject is dear to me, thanks to my mum, Mama Anita. Who, coming from a long line of zabobon believers, has made me forever wary of the evil eye, made sure I never sit on the corner of the table, tells the future with anomalies in my body, and has helped me choose gifts for my boyfriend more carefully, in order to avoid relationship disasters.

So- Sit up, have shot of vodka, a gulp of orange juice, bite of a sour gherkin and/or bread - here we go.

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Seeing a Chimney Sweep.

y family home is one of the left-overs of the Prussian industrial reforms which resulted in hundreds of worker colony houses (so-called familok), and contrary to more recent Soviet brutalist concrete tower blocks still have a chimney of the old fashion. Therefore I remember, as a child, seeing a chimney sweep, and frantically looking for a button on my outfit to hold on to, wishing for the newest Furby to appear magically in my room.

This superstition comes from the times when the clean chimney meant a warm house, and so the chimney sweeper became a guard of hearth and home. We still believe seeing one of them brings luck. Why must you hold the button when you see a sweep?; Buttons have been an amulet since the 13th century, thus grabbing one after the appearance of the chimney sweeper while simultaneously making a wish, was believed to ensure the wish is granted.

 

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The ”Bad Gaze” (evil eye), and a red ribbon on the buggy of a newborn child.

Did you know you can bewitch a child with a BAD GAZE?

Fear not, the red ribbon will save it from the spell!

I remember my Mum, holding my sister screaming the heart out of her lungs because she did not get the My Little Pony toy she wanted. But Mama Anita told me it had happened because someone on the street had given her a bad gaze. She remembered a woman looking dodgily at her, a blond woman with red framed glasses. I was thinking my sister is just being spoilt, but what do I know?

Newborns are at the highest risk of enchantment. You may still see buggies with red ribbon dangling above a child’s head in today’s Poland. The red colour is supposed to protect from dark magic (as the ancient Romans claimed), bad influence, spells and evil. A kid crying for hours is just one of the results of these maledictions (mostly caused by the bad gaze) - but other, more serious hexes can result in death!

Thank you, Mum, for making me forever paranoid.

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You must never shake hands over the doorstep.

 A doorstep is not only a piece of wood – it is the border between a safe home and the evil outside world. It was not only believed by Slavs but also the people of China and India (and it is still believed by me, a practising introvert). Therefore, if two people were to shake each other’s hands over the doorstep, there was a risk of making a breach through which evil forces can make their way into the house.
However, there is an antidote - one of the greeting people have to stand on the top of the doorstep and the breach is sealed.
Pretty useless superstition if you ask my personal opinion!

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In part two of ZABOBONS, Jonc gives us a guide to what various itches mean, Sweeps up some bits and bobs, and introduces us to her all time favourite superstition....

Words by Jonc and ZEEL, all images copyright Karolina ‘Jonc’ Buczek

MURRI Celebrates the Golden Thread: Making and Music Day

28/6/18 brought our first ever official GTP music event. At the home of English folk dance and song, (EFDSS, the English Folk Dance and Song Society) Cecil Sharp House went very well indeed ! It supported our simultaneous exhibition THE GOLDEN THREAD PROJECT UK-USA (read about that here).

MAKING~

Busy workshops included-

Stephen Fowler: Rubber Stamp Broadside Printing Workshop
Broadside Ballads were published during the sixteenth and up to the nineteenth centuries. They were a single sheet of printed matter consisting of type and woodcut images. This popular print format explored all manner of subject matter including love, religion, drinking-songs, legends, and current events of the day such as disasters, political events and signs, wonders and prodigies.
During Fowler's workshop attendees had the chance of a number of printed ballads to illustrate through the technique of hand carved rubber stamp print. By the end of the workshop all participants were able to go home with an edition of the group’s broadside ballads.

Harriet Vine: Jewellery Making Workshop
Harriet Vine, creative director and co-founder of Tatty Devine, ran a jewellery making workshop to celebrate The Golden Thread Project. Turning lyrics and imagery from favourite songs into brooches and necklaces made from laser cut wood and leather, incorporating print and painting to make your favourite music into a wearable conversation piece.

Desdemona McCannons: Pilgrim Badge Workshop
For this workshop we first thought of places that are a significant destination for us as a starting point. Then designed and made a cloth patch or badge (to be attached to a bag or item of clothing) using applique and simple printmaking and embroidery techniques.

MUSIC~

MURRI music nite!

Despite competing with a key world cup match fixture, a very hearty and healthy crowd REALLY enjoyed the GTP Murri music nite, in all its beauty (Lisa Knapp), twangy twiddly bluesy goodness (Drew Webster), corvid whimsy (The Crow /Nick White) and crazed glory (Orson Coupland and Jim Stoten, aka Jam Bank)!The evening finished off with appalachian style clog dancing from Jake Jones and Dan Eccles with violinist Goode. They proceeded to galvanise the crowd to dance as if they were St Vitus himself.

It was really cool to be greeted by our poster in the official notice board of Cecil Sharp House , the actual and real Heart of English Folk Music!

It was really cool to be greeted by our poster in the official notice board of Cecil Sharp House , the actual and real Heart of English Folk Music!

The Story of Redhead the Whale Man (Iceland).

Illustrator Victoria Willmott (www.victoriawillmott.com) brings us a visual report on her contribution to Folklore Exhibition ‘Illustrated Stories of the World’ at Hamilton House, Bristol. 

This ancient legend tells us of men risking their lives to hunt for Greak Auks in southern Iceland. One unlucky young fisherman lost his way and found himself stranded on a rocky island in the company of elves. He made a life there with an elf woman who gave birth to his son but he longed to live back in his home village. The elf woman granted him his way home with one condition that he would baptize his elf child in the village church. When the time came the man betrayed the elf woman and disregarded his baby who was found in a cradle outside the church. The elf woman punished him for his betrayal and transformed him into a huge whale. For the rest of his days he haunted the sailors and fishermen at sea. He was easy to recognise, as at the time of the curse he was wearing a red cap, so as a whale he had a red head. 

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The villagers were afraid of going near the sea. Many lives were lost as the Redhead Whale-Man raged against them in vain, killing hundreds of sailors and fishermen. A sorcerer and his daughter were the only ones left to save what they had left of the village.

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Using magic they led the whale from the sea towards the river where the waters were so narrow there was hardly any water.

 

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The whale was entranced by their spell and followed them, tiring as he swam. They reached a waterfall and the whale leaped and landed in the river above. The sorcerer didn’t stop walking until they reached the end of the river, the whale was so exhausted his heart broke under stress and he sank to the bottom of the lake. All but a red cap remains of what was left of the Redhead Whale-Man, the terror of the sea.

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Victorias version is based on Jon Arnason 1, 81-82  from the book:- J.M. Bedell, 'Hildur, Queen of the Elves and Other Icelandic Legends', 2006, Interlink Publishing Group.

Like all fairy tales and folk tales with vivid descriptions and metaphors, there is always a lot left for the imagination to conjure up. I found this story fascinating and the specifics of the red head from the red cap a funny detail that makes the story interesting in my eyes. I edited the ending as the original says ‘And in any case you doubt the truth of this story, you should know that mighty whale bones were found washed ashore on the beaches of Lake Hvalsnes.’  Whereas I wanted to include the red cap as the pivotal evidence that this story might in fact be true.  

My illustrations are made from lino carving stamps. I have made a whole lunchbox full of lino stamps from the story that means I can re-create the fairy tale in parts or as a whole wherever or whenever I please. I have focused in on one part of the story where the whale-man is terrorizing the fishermen in its new form as an enormous whale. Its red head a flicker of the life it had before.

The folklore exhibition ‘Illustrated Stories of the World’ at Hamilton House was an Open Call exhibition curated by Gordy Wright who invited illustrators from all over the social media world to apply. An invitation on Twitter gathered a collection of artists from the UK to USA, Canada to Argentina and beyond, with folktales from all over the world to be illustrated. Illustrators and artists responded to their favourite folklore, myth or legend in whichever way they wanted to represent their chosen narrative. Each culture has their own unique stories which have been passed down through their history; leading to an endless diverse choice of inspiration.  The show brought together a variety of illustrators and their different styles and influences with an underlining thread of folklore to tie it all together. A golden thread of folklore, I should say.

Artists included in the show:

Janie Anderson, Patrick Atkins, Abi Bailey, Ballawaves, Mhairi Braden, Josh Burgess, Shafer Brown, James Boswell, Camilla Cacciari, Robbie Cathro, Allissa Chan, Geov Chouteau, Elisa Cunningham, Lisa Marie Davies, Draw James Draw, Chloe Dominique, Owen Gent, Jack Goddard, Akhran Girmay, Freya Hartas, Rachel V Hillis, Lara Hawthorne, Ruby Hinton, Lean Hound, Matt Hayton, Jessica Heitzenrater, Jesse Hodgson, Hanna Lee Joshi, Grace Kim, Molley May, Harriet Lee Merrion, Of Ink and Earth, Haejin Park, Adam Pritchett, Ang Hui Qing, Bailie Rosenlund, Simon H Reid, Sophie Robin, Eli Spencer, Eoin O Sullivan, Heather Savage, Ed Stockham, Marcos Santos, Mish Scott, Jay Arthur Simpson, Kim Tillyer, Raven Warner, Victoria Willmott, Louis Wood, Gordy Wright.

The exhibition ran from 6th April to 18th April 2018 at Hamilton House, Bristol

https://www.hamiltonhouse.org/event/folklore-exhibition/

Victoria Willmott is a printmaker and artist educator, she runs arts workshops for children and jointly set up Bristol Print Collective who deliver printmaking workshops for adults and children across the South West of England.

Vicky at work.

The Golden Thread Project launches here!

After two years of working on the first phase of The Golden Thread Project we officially launched an exhibition celebrating the English/American folk songs collected by Cecil Sharp and Maude Karpeles one hundred years ago. It was a huge success! people travelled from far and wide to see the hard work of 28 artists and illustrators who paid homage to fantastic songs of love and violence and enjoyed a night of art, wine and music.

With records played by Mike Gavin of Harmonia Mundi, and Murri Maestro Stephen ‘Nervous’ G Fowler , and performances from King Toad aka Artist Peter Lloyd, Jonny Hannah and the Sharps folk club, it was merry event to kick off this endeavour with.